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How Many Horse Breeds are there?

From cave paintings it is believed that the equid from which modern horses are derived resemble the modern Przewalski Horse. The large strong heads and erect manes depicted in these paintings bear a striking resemblance to this modern breed.

The first domestication of the horses was probably in the steppes of central Asia between 3000 and 4000 B.C. These first animals were kept for meat and milk. As early man became more mobile undoubtedly horses began to be used as pack animals.


Oxen were being used in the Middle East at approximately 4000 B.C. for plowing. Progressively they were used on sleds, which were eventually mounted on rollers, with the final evolution of wheels. Early in the 3rd millennium B.C. there is archeological evidence that vehicles drawn by equid, generally onagers or ass hybrids, were being used in warfare. As horses from the north became more numerous the carts moved to the familiar two-wheeled chariot with spoked wheels. Due to his greater speed the horse rapidly replaced other equid as harness animals. 

 

A

Abyssinian


Akhal Teke

The Akhal-Teke is a horse from Turkmen, in the southern region of the modern country of Turkmenistan. These horses have been renowned as cavalry mounts and racehorses for some 3,000 years. The Akhal-Teke has superb natural gaits, and is the outstanding sporting horse from this area. The Akhal-Teke is native to an arid, barren environment. During its history, it has established a reputation of great stamina and courage. A key to the Akhal-Teke’s stamina is its diet which is low in bulk but high in protein, and frequently includes butter and eggs mixed with barley. Today the Akhal-Teke is used in show jumping and dressage in addition to daily use under saddle.


Albanian

Altai

American Cream Draft

American Creme and White

American Walking Pony

AndalusianAndravida

Anglo-abarda

Appaloosa

Araappaloosa

Arabian

Ardennes

Argentine Criollo

Asturian

Australian Brumby

Australian Stock Horse

Azteca

 

B

Balearic

Baluchi

Banker

Ban-ei

Barb

Bashkir

Bashkir Curly

Basotho Pony

BelgianBhirum Pony

Bhotia Pony

Black Forest

Boer

Breton
Buckskin 
Budyonny 
Byelorussian Harness 

 

C

 
Camargue

Campolina

Canadian

Carthusian

Caspian

Cayuse

Cheju

Chilean

Corralero

Chincoteague Pony

Cleveland Bay

Clydesdale

Colorado Ranger Horse

Connemara Pony
Criollo (Uruguay)

Crioulo

 
D

 

Dales Pony

Danube

Dartmoor Pony

Deliboz

Djerma

Døle

Dongola

Dülmen Pony

Dutch

Draft 

Dutch Warmblood

 

E
East Bulgarian

Egyptian

Eriskay Pony

Estonian Native 
Exmoor Pony 

 


F

 

Faeroes Pony

Falabella

Fell Pony

Finnhorse

Fleuve

Fouta

Frederiksborg

French Saddlebred

French Trotter

Friesian

 



Galiceño 
Galician Pony

Gelderlander

Gidran

Golden American Saddlebred

Gotland

Groningen

Guangxi

 

H

Hackney

Haflinger

Hanoverian

Hequ

Highland Pony

Hokkaido

Holsteiner

Hucul

Hungarian Warm blood


I

 

I

Icelandic

Iomud

Irish Draught


J

Jinzhou

Jutland

 

K

Kabarda

Karabair

Karabakh

Kazakh

Kerry Bog Pony

Kiger Mustang

Kirdi Pony

Kisber Felver

Kiso

Kladruby

Knabstrup

Kushum

Kustanai

 

L

Latvian

Lithuanian Heavy Draft

Lipizzan

Lokai

Losino

Lusitano

 

M

Malopolski

Mangalarga

Marwari

M'Bayar

Mérens Pony

Messara

Miniature

Misaki

Missouri Fox Trotting Horse

Miyako

Mongolian

Morab

Morgan

Moyle

Mustang

Murgese

 

N

National Show Horse

New Forest Pony

New Kirgiz

Newfoundland Pony

NomaNooitgedacht Pony

Noric

Nordland

Northeastern

North Swedish Horse 

Norwegian Fjord

 

O

Ob

Oldenburg

Orlov Trotter

 

P

Paint

Palomino

Pantaneiro

Paso Fino 

Percheron

Peruvian

Paso

Pindos Pony

Pinia

Pintabian

Pinto

Polish Konik

Pony of the Americas

Pottok

Przewalski

Pyrenean Tarpan


Q

Qatgani

Quarab

Quarter Horse

Quarter Pony

 

R

Racking Horse

Rocky Mountain Horse

Russian Don

Russian Heavy Draft

Russian Trotter

 

S

Saddlebred

Sanhe

Schleswiger Heavy Draft

Schwarzwälder Fuchs

Selle Francais

Shagya

Shetland Pony

Shire

Single-Footing Horse

Skyros Pony

Somali Pony

Sorraia

Soviet Heavy Draft

Spanish Mustang

Spanish-Barb 

Spanish-Norman

StandardbredSudan Country-Bred

Suffolk

Swedish Warmblood


T

 

Taishuh

Tarpan

Tawleed

Tennessee Walking Horse

Tersk

Thessalian

Thoroughbred

Tokara

Tori

Trakehner

 

 

U

 

Ukrainian Saddle

 

V
Vlaamperd

Vladimir Heavy Draft

Vyatka

 

W

Welara Pony

Welsh Pony and Cob

West African Barb

Western Sudan Pony

Wielkopolski

 

X

 

Xilingol 

 


Y


Yakut

Yanqi

Yili

Yonaguni

 

Z

 

Zaniskari Pony

Zhemaichu

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